Interfaith Mediation and Conflict Resolution
One illustrative example of interfaith mediation is the Interfaith Mediation Centre of Nigeria.
Religious leaders, Imam Muhammad Ashafa and Pastor James Wuye from Kaduna in northern Nigeria today work together to teach warring militias and opposing religious leaders to resolve their conflicts peacefully. But they did not start out as peacemakers. Ten years ago, Imam Ashafa and Pastor James were mortal enemies, intent on killing one another in the name of religion.
In 1992, violent inter-religious conflict broke out in Kaduna State. Christians and Muslims fought each other in the marketplace, destroying each others’ crops and attacking each others’ families. Both the Imam and the Pastor were drawn into the fighting, and both paid a heavy price for their involvement — Imam Ashafa lost two brothers and his teacher, and Pastor James lost his hand.
Afterwards, they each dreamed of revenge against the other. Nonetheless, as leaders in their communities, the two men reluctantly agreed to meet. Imam Ashafa recalls what happened: “A mutual friend took both of us by the hand and said: ‘The two of you can pull this state together, or you can destroy it. Do something!’” Over the next few years, through increasingly frequent meetings and separate religious epiphanies, the two men slowly built mutual respect, and decided to work together to bridge the religious divides between their communities.
In 1995, Wuye and Ashafa formed the IMC, a religious grass-roots organization that successfully mediates between Christians and Muslims throughout Nigeria and has worked extensively in Chad, Kenya, and Sudan with amazing success stories. Their organization, now with over 20,000 community members, reaches into the militias and trains the country’s youth—as well as women, religious figures, traditional and tribal leaders—to become civic peace activists. Under their leadership, Muslim and Christian youth jointly rebuilt the mosques and churches they once destroyed through war and violence and the IMC holds facilitative training sessions to engage community members in peaceful co-existence and cooperation.
Ashafa and Wuye’s story is featured in the documentary entitled ‘The Imam and the Pastor‘, produced by FLT Films.